APA examples provided are not exhaustive. Students must seek some help from the Writing Centre and/or their Professor for specific or problematic references.

More Help with APA

Updated: January 2019 To ensure consistency for students, modifications to citation examples are designed only between semesters.

Why do we have to anyway cite?

  • You give credit to your original authors/sources of data and give a wide berth to plagiarism
  • Your readers can easily access your sources that are original
  • You add credibility to your assignments which help prove your arguments.

Colleges/Universities, subject matter and professions select and employ a standard way of citation. Be sure to check with your Professor on what way to use.

About it, much of the information that goes into a paper or article can be organized into three groups: “common knowledge” “my ideas”, and “other people’s ideas” if you think. By understanding these groups, we could see why citations matter within our work.

Let’s start with common knowledge, which is composed of more developed and facts that are reliable. As an example, edubirdies.org/buy-essay-online 20% off George Washington being the US that is first president a recognised fact present in a variety of reliable sources. A year having 365 days can also be considered well known.

Next, let’s consider “my ideas”. This group comes with your personal thoughts, opinions, conclusions, and analysis of one’s topic. If you’re conducting your personal original research, it could also end up in this category.

And lastly, there are some other people’s ideas – and these deserve care that is special. As soon as we research a topic, we’re likely to find and borrow information that is helpful discoveries that came from the work of specific individuals or organizations whose work was published in reputable books, journals, articles and websites. “Other people’s ideas” likewise incorporate quotes from other writing that support or debate points that you’re making. A paper or project may include all three kinds of information.

While common knowledge and your ideas don’t usually need special treatment, when other people’s ideas are contained in your paper, readers do have to know. This is completed with citations. Using citations shows you’re responsible. You’ve done the study, given credit into the people that are right provided your reader with resources for more learning and avoided plagiarism.

A citation is comprised of two parts that work together. They are the citation that is in-text full citations. Here’s how they work…

When you use someone else’s ideas, your reader needs to know, but adding the necessary information in to the middle of the paper will be annoying and hard to read.

So, we want a way that is quick indicate when a section is dependant on somebody else’s ideas. This is done with an citation that is in-text. It’s a notification that is brief the body regarding the text that specific words, ideas, figures, or images were extracted from other sources. These point the reader to the second section of a citation–the full citation–which can be found either at end associated with paper or at the bottom regarding the page. Because of this, the writing remains readable and it’s clear when you use other people’s’ ideas.

Often, full citations have all the information and knowledge needed to find the original publication. These generally include author names, titles of books or journals, publishers, publication dates, page numbers and much more.

Let’s look at two common techniques to cite your sources in a paper: Imagine that you utilize an idea from a book in your paper and have to cite it.

An citation that is in-text might range from the author’s last name and year published, author’s last name and page number, or just a number. These connect your reader towards the full citation, that might be in a bibliography at the conclusion of the paper, or in a footnote at the bottom of this page.

Using citations is part of being a student that is responsible researcher, however it’s also a site to others. They acknowledge the people whose work helped establish what exactly is known in regards to the world and provides a means for the readers to dive even deeper into your subject.

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